cern.ch

Reference pp cross-sections for $\Upsilon(1S)$ studies in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV and comparisons between ALICE and LHCb results

[to restricted-access page]

Abstract

The ALICE and LHCb collaborations have studied $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production at large rapidities in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{ NN}}=5.02\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ at the LHC using di-muon final states. The evaluation of cold nuclear matter effects requires knowledge of the corresponding $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production cross section in $ pp$ collisions at the same centre-of-mass energy and in the same kinematic range. In this note the interpolation procedures used to determine this quantity and the related consistency checks are described. Finally, the results from the two experiments on nuclear modification factors are briefly summarized and found to be in good agreement.

Figures and captions

Model predictions for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in different rapidity ranges. The relative cross sections normalized to the prediction at $\sqrt{s_{ NN}}=5.02$ TeV are shown. The lines are spline functions through the model points, drawn to guide the eye. The numerical values are given in tables 8, 9, and 10.

Fig1a.pdf [7 KiB]
HiDef png [199 KiB]
Thumbnail [50 KiB]
Fig1a.pdf
Fig1b.pdf [7 KiB]
HiDef png [195 KiB]
Thumbnail [49 KiB]
Fig1b.pdf
Fig1c.pdf [7 KiB]
HiDef png [214 KiB]
Thumbnail [51 KiB]
Fig1c.pdf

Comparison of (top left) linear, (top right) power law and (bottom) exponential interpolations for the energy dependence of the $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production cross sections for the theoretical predictions given in Table 9 for the rapidity range $2.5<y<4.0$. The points at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV are excluded from the fit.

Fig2a.pdf [13 KiB]
HiDef png [259 KiB]
Thumbnail [77 KiB]
Fig2a.pdf
Fig2b.pdf [13 KiB]
HiDef png [319 KiB]
Thumbnail [69 KiB]
Fig2b.pdf
Fig2c.pdf [12 KiB]
HiDef png [313 KiB]
Thumbnail [68 KiB]
Fig2c.pdf

Cross-section interpolation for the LHCb data in the range $2.5<y<4.0$\/ using three phenomenological models. The point at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV is the nominal result of the interpolation procedure, the uncertainty band is the result from error propagation of the experimental uncertainties of the measurements at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$, $7$, and $8$ TeV, scaled by $\sqrt{\tilde{\chi}^2}$.

LHCbIn[..].pdf [17 KiB]
HiDef png [404 KiB]
Thumbnail [97 KiB]
LHCbInterpol.pdf

Cross section for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in $2.0<y<3.5$\/ as a function of energy [12,13,14]. The lines are fits according to three different shapes.

Range2fit.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [163 KiB]
Thumbnail [51 KiB]
Range2fit.pdf

Cross section for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in $3.0<y<4.5$\/ as a function of energy [12,13,14]. The lines are fits according to three different shapes.

Range4fit.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [159 KiB]
Thumbnail [50 KiB]
Range4fit.pdf

Cross section for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in the range $2.0<y<3.5$ at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV for fitting shapes passing the $\tilde{\chi}^2 \leq 3 \tilde{\chi}^2_{\min}$\/ selection. The line marks the position of the weighted average value.

Range2.pdf [14 KiB]
HiDef png [200 KiB]
Thumbnail [55 KiB]
Range2.pdf

Cross section for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in the range $3.0<y<4.5$\/ at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV for fitting shapes passing the $\tilde{\chi}^2 \leq 3 \tilde{\chi}^2_{\min}$\/ selection. The line marks the position of the weighted average value.

Range4.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [206 KiB]
Thumbnail [56 KiB]
Range4.pdf

Nuclear modification factor as a function of rapidity as measured by ALICE and LHCb. In the left plot, the ALICE results are integrated over the full acceptance; in the right plot, a finer binning is used. The vertical error bars represent the statistical uncertainties and the open boxes the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

RpPb_A[..].pdf [14 KiB]
HiDef png [94 KiB]
Thumbnail [39 KiB]
RpPb_ALICELHCb.pdf
RpPb_A[..].pdf [14 KiB]
HiDef png [101 KiB]
Thumbnail [41 KiB]
RpPb_ALICELHCb4p2.pdf

Forward-backward asymmetry for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production as a function of rapidity as measured by ALICE and LHCb. The vertical error bars represent the statistical uncertainties and the open boxes the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

RFB_AL[..].pdf [13 KiB]
HiDef png [101 KiB]
Thumbnail [41 KiB]
RFB_ALICELHCb.pdf

Rapidity differential cross section as a function of rapidity as measured by ALICE and LHCb. The horizontal error bars indicate the rapidity ranges of the individual measurements. The vertical error bars represent the statistical uncertainties and the open boxes the uncorrelated systematic uncertainties.

Sigmap[..].pdf [14 KiB]
HiDef png [99 KiB]
Thumbnail [40 KiB]
SigmapPb_ALICELHCb4p2.pdf

Animated gif made out of all figures.

CONF-2014-003.gif
Thumbnail
thumbnail_CONF-2014-003.gif

Tables and captions

Existing $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ $ pp$ cross-section measurements in different rapidity ranges from ALICE and LHCb. The ALICE value, integrated over $ p_{\rm T} <12 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $, is obtained by multiplying the published cross section $\sigma=54.2 \pm 5.0 \pm 6.7$\,nb by the branching fraction ${\rm BF}(\mu^+\mu^-)=2.48\pm 0.05\%$. The LHCb cross sections are integrated over $ p_{\rm T} <15$\,GeV/$c$\/ and are calculated by integrating the published double differential measurements over the considered rapidity ranges. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.

Table_1.pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [80 KiB]
Thumbnail [13 KiB]
tex code
Table_1.pdf

Bias and RMS-spread in percent at $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV. The interpolation is based on unweighted least squares fits to the predictions at $\sqrt{s}=2.76, 7,\; and\;8$ TeV.

Table_2.pdf [29 KiB]
HiDef png [36 KiB]
Thumbnail [6 KiB]
tex code
Table_2.pdf

Interpolated values of $\sigma(\Upsilon{(1S)} )$ at $\sqrt{s}=5.02\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ in the range $2.5<y<4.0$ for LHCb. The quoted uncertainties are obtained by propagation of the unscaled experimental uncertainties.

Table_3.pdf [37 KiB]
HiDef png [40 KiB]
Thumbnail [6 KiB]
tex code
Table_3.pdf

Rapidity ranges for the ALICE interpolation and measurement of the $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ nuclear modification factor. The central value of each range is also reported.

Table_4.pdf [44 KiB]
HiDef png [52 KiB]
Thumbnail [8 KiB]
tex code
Table_4.pdf

Minimum value $\tilde{\chi}^2_{\min}$\/ and number of shapes satisfying the criterion $\tilde{\chi}^2 \leq 3\tilde{\chi}^2_{\min}$\/ for all rapidity ranges used in the interpolation. The numbering of ranges is as defined in Table 4.

Table_5.pdf [37 KiB]
HiDef png [34 KiB]
Thumbnail [5 KiB]
tex code
Table_5.pdf

Interpolated $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ cross sections used for the ALICE $R_{ p\mathrm{Pb} }$ measurement. The experimental, interpolation and range contributions to the uncertainty (see text) are also reported.

Table_6.pdf [31 KiB]
HiDef png [52 KiB]
Thumbnail [8 KiB]
tex code
Table_6.pdf

Results of the interpolation of the $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ cross sections at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=5.02$ TeV for different rapidity ranges by the ALICE and LHCb methods.

Table_7.pdf [29 KiB]
HiDef png [47 KiB]
Thumbnail [8 KiB]
tex code
Table_7.pdf

Relative cross-sections for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in $ pp$ collisions normalised to the prediction at $\sqrt{s}=5.02\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ in the rapidity range $2.0<y<3.5$\/ at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$, $7$\/ and $8\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ as predicted by different models. The minimum and maximum values for the FONLL result are obtained from varying the renormalization scale $\mu_{\rm R}$\/ and the factorization scale $\mu_{\rm F}$\/ in the range $\mu_0/2 < \mu_{\rm R},\mu_{\rm F} <2\mu_0$\/ with the constraint $1/2<\mu_R/\mu_F<2$, having defined $\mu_0$\/ by $\mu^2_0 = p_{\rm T} ^2 +m_b^2$.

Table_8.pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [170 KiB]
Thumbnail [25 KiB]
tex code
Table_8.pdf

Relative cross-sections for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in $ pp$ collisions normalised to the prediction at $\sqrt{s}=5.02\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ in the rapidity range $2.5<y<4.0$\/ at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$, $7$\/ and $8\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ as predicted by different models. The minimum and maximum values for the FONLL result are obtained from varying the renormalization scale $\mu_{\rm R}$\/ and the factorization scale $\mu_{\rm F}$\/ in the range $\mu_0/2 < \mu_{\rm R},\mu_{\rm F} <2\mu_0$\/ with the constraint $1/2<\mu_R/\mu_F<2$, having defined $\mu_0$\/ by $\mu^2_0 = p_{\rm T} ^2 +m_b^2$.

Table_9.pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [171 KiB]
Thumbnail [25 KiB]
tex code
Table_9.pdf

Relative cross-sections for $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ production in $ pp$ collisions normalised to the prediction at $\sqrt{s}=5.02\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ in the rapidity range $3.0<y<4.5$\/ at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$, $7$\/ and $8\mathrm{\,TeV} $\/ as predicted by different models. The minimum and maximum values for the FONLL result are obtained from varying the renormalization scale $\mu_{\rm R}$\/ and the factorization scale $\mu_{\rm F}$\/ in the range $\mu_0/2 < \mu_{\rm R},\mu_{\rm F} <2\mu_0$\/ with the constraint $1/2<\mu_R/\mu_F<2$, having defined $\mu_0$\/ by $\mu^2_0 = p_{\rm T} ^2 +m_b^2$.

Table_10.pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [169 KiB]
Thumbnail [25 KiB]
tex code
Table_10.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 09 December 2018.