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Measurement of the fraction of $\Upsilon(1S)$ originating from $\chi_b(1P)$ decays in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

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Abstract

The production of \chib1P mesons in $pp$ collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $7\tev$ is studied using $32\invpb$ of data collected with the \lhcb detector. The $\chib1P$ mesons are reconstructed in the decay mode $\chib1P \to \Y1S\g \to \mumu\g$. The fraction of \Y1S originating from \chib1P decays in the \Y1S transverse momentum range $6 < \pt^{\Y1S} < 15\gevc$ and rapidity range $2.0 < y^{\Y1S} < 4.5$ is measured to be $(20.7\pm 5.7\pm 2.1^{+2.7}_{-5.4})%$, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic and the last gives the range of the result due to the unknown \Y1S and \chib1P polarizations.

Figures and captions

Distribution of the $\mu ^+\mu ^- $ mass for selected $\Upsilon(nS)$ candidates (black points), together with the result of the fit (solid blue curve), including the background (dotted blue curve) and the signal (dashed magenta curve) contributions.

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Distribution of the mass difference $m(\mu ^+\mu ^- \gamma ) - m(\mu ^+\mu ^- )$ for selected $\chi _{ b }{(1P)}$ candidates (black points), together with the result of the fit (solid blue curve), including background (dotted blue curve) and signal (dashed magenta curve) contributions. The solid (red) histogram is an alternative background estimation using simulated events containing a $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ that does not originate from a $\chi _{ b }{(1P)}$ decay, normalized to the data. It is used for evaluation of the systematic uncertainty due to the choice of fitting model. The bottom insert shows the pull distribution of the fit. The pull is defined as the difference between the data and fit value divided by the data error.

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Fraction of $\Upsilon{(1S)} $ originating from $\chi _{ b }{(1P)} $ decays for different $ p_{\rm T} ^{\Upsilon{(1S)} }$ bins, assuming production of unpolarized $\Upsilon{(1S)} $ and $\chi _{ b }{(1P)} $ mesons, shown with solid circles. The vertical error bars are statistical only. The result determined for the range $6 < p_{\rm T} < 15 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $ is shown with the horizontal solid line, its statistical uncertainty with the dash-dotted lines, and its total uncertainty (statistical and systematic, including that due to the unknown polarization) with the shaded (light blue) band.

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fra.eps

Animated gif made out of all figures.

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Tables and captions

Number of reconstructed $\chi _{ b }{(1P)}$ and $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ signal candidates, conditional efficiency and fraction of $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ originating from $\chi _{ b }{(1P)}$ decays for different $ p_{\rm T} ^{\Upsilon{(1S)} }$ bins. The uncertainties are statistical only.

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Table_1.pdf

Relative systematic uncertainties on the fraction of $\Upsilon{(1S)}$ originating from $\chi _{ b }{(1P)}$ decays.

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Table_2.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 18 December 2018.