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First observation of the $B_{s2}^\ast(5840)^0 \to B^{\ast+} K^-$ and studies of excited $B^0_s$ mesons

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Abstract

Properties of the orbitally excited (L=1) $B_s$ states are studied using 1.0 fb$^{-1}$ of pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =7$ TeV collected with the LHCb detector. The first observation of the $B_{s2}^*(5840)^0$ meson decaying to $B^{*+} K^-$ is reported, and the corresponding branching fraction measured relative to the $B^+ K^-$ decay mode. The $B_{s1}(5830)^0 \to B^{*+} K^-$ decay is observed as well. The width of the $B_{s2}^*(5840)^0$ state is measured for the first time and the masses of the two states are determined with the highest precision to date. The observation of the $B_{s2}^*(5840)^0 \to B^{*+} K^-$ decay favours the spin-parity assignment $J^P = 2^+$ for the $B_{s2}^*(5840)^0$ meson. In addition, the most precise measurement of the mass difference $m(B^{*+})-m(B^+) = 45.01 \pm 0.30 (stat) \pm 0.23 (syst)$ MeV/$c^2$ is obtained.

Figures and captions

Invariant mass spectra of the final $ B ^+$ candidates. The signal lineshape is fitted with a double Gaussian distribution, while the background is modelled with a second order polynomial . (a) $ B ^+ \rightarrow J/\psi K ^+ $, (b) $ B ^+ \rightarrow \overline{ D }{} ^0 ( K ^+ \pi ^- ) \pi ^+ $, (c) $ B ^+ \rightarrow \overline{ D }{} ^0 ( K ^+ \pi ^- \pi ^+ \pi ^- ) \pi ^+ $, and (d) $ B ^+ \rightarrow \overline{ D }{} ^0 ( K ^+ \pi ^- ) \pi ^+ \pi ^- \pi ^+ $ decays. The $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu}$ and $ D ^0$ masses are constrained to their world average values.

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Mass difference distribution $m( B ^+ K ^- )-m( B ^+ )-m( K ^- )$. The three peaks are identified as (left) $ B _{ s 1} \rightarrow B ^{*+} K ^- $, (middle) $ B ^{*}_{ s 2} \rightarrow B ^{*+} K ^- $, and (right) $ B ^{*}_{ s 2} \rightarrow B ^+ K ^- $. The total fit function is shown as a solid blue line, while the shaded red region is the spectrum of like-charge $ B ^+ K ^+ $ combinations. The inset shows an expanded view of the $ B _{ s 1} / B ^{*}_{ s 2} \rightarrow B ^{*+} K ^- $ signals. The bottom plot shows the fit pulls.

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Animated gif made out of all figures.

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Tables and captions

Summary of the orbitally excited ($L=1$) $ B ^0_ s $ states.

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Results of the fit to the mass difference distributions $m( B ^+ K ^- )-m( B ^+ )-m( K ^- )$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.

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Absolute systematic uncertainties for each measurement, which are assumed to be independent and are added in quadrature.

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Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 18 December 2018.