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Measurement of the $B^0$--$\bar B^0$ oscillation frequency $\Delta m_d$ with the decays $B^0 \to D^- \pi^+$ and $B^0 \to J\ \psi K^{*0}$

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Abstract

The $B^0$--$\bar B^0$ oscillation frequency $\Delta m_d$ is measured by the LHCb experiment using a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $1.0\,$fb$^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7\,$TeV, and is found to be $\Delta m_d = 0.5156 \pm 0.0051\,($stat.$) \pm 0.0033\,($syst.$)\,$ps$^{-1}$. The measurement is based on results from analyses of the decays $B^0 \to D^- \pi^+$ ($D^- \to K^+ \pi^- \pi^-$) and $B^0 \to J/ \psi K^{*0}$ ($ J/ \psi \to \mu^+ \mu^-$, $K^{*0} \to K^+ \pi^-$) and their charge conjugated modes.

Figures and captions

Distribution of the $ B ^0$ candidate mass (black points). (Left) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow D ^- \pi ^+ $ candidates with the invariant mass pdf as described in Sect. 6 and two additional components for the physics background taken from MC simulated events.The blue dashed line shows the fit projection of the signal, the dotted orange line corresponds to the combinatorial background, the filled areas represent the physics background, and the black solid line corresponds to the fit projection. (Right) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^{*0} $ candidates, with the results of the fits described in Sect. 6 superimposed. The blue dashed line shows the fit projection of the signal, the dotted orange line corresponds to the combinatorial background with long lifetime and the dash dotted red line shows the combinatorial background with short lifetime. The black solid line corresponds to the fit projection.

DpiMass.pdf [39 KiB]
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DpiMass.pdf
KstMass.pdf [27 KiB]
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KstMass.pdf

Distribution of the decay time (black points) for (left) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow D ^- \pi ^+ $ and (right) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^{*0} $ candidates. The blue dashed line shows the fit projection of the signal, the dotted orange line corresponds to the combinatorial background with long lifetime and the dash dotted red line shows the combinatorial background with short lifetime (only in the $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^{*0} $ mode). The black solid line corresponds to the projection of the combined PDF.

DpiTime.pdf [33 KiB]
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DpiTime.pdf
KstTime.pdf [31 KiB]
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KstTime.pdf

Raw mixing asymmetry $\mathcal{A}_\mathrm{mix}$ (black points) for (left) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow D ^- \pi ^+ $ and (right) $ B ^0 \!\rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^{*0} $ candidates. The solid black line is the projection of the mixing asymmetry of the combined PDF.

DpiAsym.pdf [16 KiB]
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DpiAsym.pdf
KstAsym.pdf [15 KiB]
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KstAsym.pdf

Animated gif made out of all figures.

PAPER-2012-032.gif
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thumbnail_PAPER-2012-032.gif

Tables and captions

Systematic uncertainties on $\Delta m_d$ in $\text{ps}^{-1}$

Table_1.pdf [45 KiB]
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tex code
Table_1.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 18 December 2018.