cern.ch

First observation of $\overline{B}^0 \rightarrow J/\psi K^{+}K^{-}$ and search for $\overline{B}^0 \rightarrow J/\psi \phi$ decays

[to restricted-access page]

Abstract

The first observation of the B0->J/\psi K+K- decay is presented with a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0/fb of pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV collected with the LHCb detector. The branching fraction is measured to be B(B0->J/\psi K+K-) = (2.53 +/- 0.31 +/- 0.19)x10^{-6}, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. An amplitude analysis of the final state in the B0->J/\psi K+K- decay is performed to separate resonant and nonresonant contributions in the K+K- spectrum. Evidence of the a0(980) resonance is reported with statistical significance of 3.9 standard deviations. The corresponding product branching fraction is measured to be B(B0->J/\psi a0(980), a0(980)->K+K-)=(4.70 +/- 3.31 +/- 0.72)x10^{-7}, yielding an upper limit of B(B0->J/\psi a0(980), a0(980)->K+K-)<9.0x10^{-7} at 90% confidence level. No evidence of the resonant decay B0->J/\psi\phi\; is found, and an upper limit on its branching fraction is set to be B(B0->J/\psi\phi)< 1.9x10^{-7} at 90% confidence level.

Figures and captions

Feynman diagrams for (a) $\overline{ B }{} ^0 \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ K ^- $, and (b) $\overline{ B }{} ^0 \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} \phi$.

Feynman_1.pdf [13 KiB]
HiDef png [98 KiB]
Thumbnail [25 KiB]
*.C file
Feynman_1.pdf
Feynman_2.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [114 KiB]
Thumbnail [29 KiB] *.C file
Feynman_2.pdf

Distribution of the BDT classifier for both training and test samples of $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ K ^- $ signal and background events. The signal samples are from simulation and the background samples are from data. The small difference between the background training and test samples is due to the fact that the sidebands used in the two cases are not identical.

BDT_re[..].pdf [39 KiB]
HiDef png [440 KiB]
Thumbnail [83 KiB]
*.C file
BDT_response.pdf

Invariant mass of $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ K ^- $ combinations. The data are fitted with a sum of two Gaussian functions for each signal peak and several background components. The (magenta) solid double-Gaussian function centered at 5280 MeV is the $\overline{ B }{} ^0 $ signal, the (black) dotted curve shows the combinatorial background, the (green) dashed-dot-dot curve shows the contribution of $\overline{ B }{} ^0_ s \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ K ^- $ decays, the (violet) dashed shape is the $\overline{ B }{} ^0_ s \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ \pi^0 K ^- $ background, $\Lambda ^0_ b \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} p K ^- $ and $\overline{ B }{} ^0 \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^- \pi ^+ $ reflections are shown by (red) dot-dashed and (cyan) long dashed shapes, respectively and the (blue) solid curve is the total.

Bd2JpsiKK.pdf [26 KiB]
HiDef png [287 KiB]
Thumbnail [86 KiB]
*.C file
Bd2JpsiKK.pdf

Fit to the invariant mass spectrum of $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^- $ combinations. The (blue) solid curve is the total and the (black) dotted line shows the combinatorial background.

Bu2JpsiK.pdf [17 KiB]
HiDef png [166 KiB]
Thumbnail [57 KiB]
*.C file
Bu2JpsiK.pdf

Distribution of $m^2( K ^+ K ^- )$ versus $m^2( { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ )$ for $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ K ^- $ candidates with mass within $\pm 20$ MeV of the $\overline{ B }{} ^0 $ mass.

dalitz.pdf [53 KiB]
HiDef png [124 KiB]
Thumbnail [34 KiB]
*.C file
dalitz.pdf

Exponential fit to the acceptance parameter $a(s_{23})$.

acccosH.pdf [12 KiB]
HiDef png [101 KiB]
Thumbnail [40 KiB]
*.C file
acccosH.pdf

Parametrized detection efficiency as a function of $m^2( K ^+ K ^- )$ versus $ m^2( { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ )$. The $z$-axis scale is arbitrary.

eff3.pdf [3 MiB]
HiDef png [2 MiB]
Thumbnail [179 KiB]
*.C file
eff3.pdf

Projections of (a) $m^2( K ^+ K ^- )$ and (b) $ m^2( { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K ^+ )$ of the simulated Dalitz plot used to measure the efficiency parameters. The points represent the simulated event distributions, and the curves the projections of the polynomial fit.

effy.pdf [17 KiB]
HiDef png [172 KiB]
Thumbnail [61 KiB]
*.C file
effy.pdf
effx.pdf [16 KiB]
HiDef png [161 KiB]
Thumbnail [59 KiB] *.C file
effx.pdf

Invariant mass squared projections of (a) $K^+K^-$, and (b) $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K^{+}$ from the Dalitz plot of candidates in the $\overline{ B }{} ^0$ mass sidebands, with fit projection overlaid.

BKGy.pdf [16 KiB]
HiDef png [153 KiB]
Thumbnail [58 KiB]
*.C file
BKGy.pdf
BKGx.pdf [16 KiB]
HiDef png [136 KiB]
Thumbnail [52 KiB] *.C file
BKGx.pdf

Distribution of $\cos \theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$ from the $\overline{ B }{} ^0$ mass sidebands, fitted with the function $1+\alpha \cos^{2} \theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$.

BKGcosH.pdf [16 KiB]
HiDef png [118 KiB]
Thumbnail [47 KiB]
*.C file
BKGcosH.pdf

Projections of the reflection background in the variables (a) $ m^2(K^+K^-)$ and (b) $ m^2( { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K^{+})$.

refy.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [91 KiB]
Thumbnail [22 KiB]
*.C file
refy.pdf
refx.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [97 KiB]
Thumbnail [24 KiB] *.C file
refx.pdf

Distribution of $\cos \theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$ for the reflection background, fitted with the function $1+\beta \cos^{2} \theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$.

refcosH.pdf [17 KiB]
HiDef png [137 KiB]
Thumbnail [56 KiB]
*.C file
refcosH.pdf

Dalitz plot fit projection of $m^2( K ^+ K ^- )$ in the signal region. The points with error bars are data, the (black) dotted curve shows the combinatorial background, the (red) dashed curve indicates the reflection from the misidentified $\Lambda ^0_ b \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} p K ^- $ decays, the (green) dot-dashed curve is the signal, and the (blue) solid line represents the total.

y.pdf [22 KiB]
HiDef png [231 KiB]
Thumbnail [78 KiB]
*.C file
y.pdf

Dalitz plot fit projections of (a) $m^2( { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} K^{+})$ and (b) $\cos \theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$ in the signal region. The points with error bars are data, the (black) dotted curve shows the combinatorial background, the (red) dashed curve indicates the reflection from the misidentified $\Lambda ^0_ b \rightarrow { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} p K ^- $ decays, the (green) dot-dashed curve is the signal, and the (blue) solid line represents the total.

x.pdf [18 KiB]
HiDef png [200 KiB]
Thumbnail [71 KiB]
*.C file
x.pdf
cosH.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [165 KiB]
Thumbnail [59 KiB] *.C file
cosH.pdf

Background-subtracted $m( K ^+ K ^- )$ distributions for (a) default and, (b) alternate fit models in the signal region. The points with error bars are data, the (magenta) dashed curve shows the $a_0(980)$ resonance, the nonresonant contribution is shown by (green) dot-dashed curve and the (blue) solid curve represents the sum of $a_0(980)$, nonresonant and the interference between the two. The (red) long-dashed curve in (a) shows the $f_0(980)$ contribution.

mkk_f0980.pdf [365 KiB]
HiDef png [347 KiB]
Thumbnail [61 KiB]
*.C file
mkk_f0980.pdf
mkk.pdf [361 KiB]
HiDef png [350 KiB]
Thumbnail [61 KiB] *.C file
mkk.pdf

Background-subtracted and efficiency-corrected distribution of (a) $ \cos\theta_{ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu} }$ ($\chi^2/\rm ndf=5.3/10$) and (b) $\cos \theta_{KK}$ ($\chi^2/\rm ndf=12.8/10$). The points with error bars are data and the (blue) solid lines show the fit to the default model.

bgsubcosH.pdf [15 KiB]
HiDef png [136 KiB]
Thumbnail [53 KiB]
*.C file
bgsubcosH.pdf
bgsubcosK.pdf [14 KiB]
HiDef png [123 KiB]
Thumbnail [51 KiB] *.C file
bgsubcosK.pdf

Animated gif made out of all figures.

PAPER-2013-045.gif
Thumbnail
thumbnail_PAPER-2013-045.gif

Tables and captions

Fit fractions and phases of the contributing components. The components of the form $\rm X+Y$ are the interference terms. Note that, in the default model the $f_0(980)$ amplitude strength is fixed to the expected value. Poisson likelihood $\chi^2$ [24] is used to calculate the $\chi^2$.

Table_1.pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [54 KiB]
Thumbnail [8 KiB]
tex code
Table_1.pdf

Relative systematic uncertainties on branching fractions (%).

Table_2.pdf [49 KiB]
HiDef png [91 KiB]
Thumbnail [14 KiB]
tex code
Table_2.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 18 December 2018.