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Measurement of $C\!P$ asymmetries in the decays $B^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $B^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-$

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Abstract

The direct $C\!P$ asymmetries of the decays $B^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $B^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-$ are measured using $pp$ collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0$ fb^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector. The respective control modes $B^0 \rightarrow J/\psi K^{*0}$ and $B^+ \rightarrow J/\psi K^{+}$ are used to account for detection and production asymmetries. The measurements are made in several intervals of $\mu^+ \mu^-$ invariant mass squared, with the $\phi(1020)$ and charmonium resonance regions excluded. Under the hypothesis of zero $C\!P$ asymmetry in the control modes, the average values of the asymmetries are \begin{align} {\cal A}_{C\!P}(B^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-) &= -0.035 \pm 0.024 \pm 0.003, \cr {\cal A}_{C\!P}(B^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-) &= \phantom{-}0.012 \pm 0.017 \pm 0.001, \end{align} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are due to systematic effects. Both measurements are consistent with the Standard Model prediction of small $C\!P$ asymmetry in these decays.

Figures and captions

Unbinned maximum-likelihood fits to the $ K ^+ \pi ^- \mu ^+\mu ^- $ mass distributions of the integrated data set for (a) $ { B ^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ and (b) $\overline{ B }{} ^0 \rightarrow \overline{ K }{} ^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ decays for one magnet polarity, and (c) $ { B ^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ and (d) $\overline{ B }{} ^0 \rightarrow \overline{ K }{} ^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ for the other. The blue, solid line represents the total fit, the red, short-dashed line represents the signal component and the grey, long-dashed line represents the combinatorial background.

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Unbinned maximum-likelihood fits to the $ K ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ mass distributions of the integrated data set for (a) $ { B ^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ and (b) $ B ^- \rightarrow K^{-} \mu^+ \mu^-$ decays for one magnet polarity, and (c) $ { B ^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ and (d) $ B ^- \rightarrow K^{-} \mu^+ \mu^-$ for the other. The blue, solid line represents the total fit, the red, short-dashed line represents the signal component and the grey, long-dashed line represents the combinatorial background.

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Values of $ {\cal A}_{\mathcal{C}_{P} }$ for $ { B ^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ decays in each of the the 14 $ q^2$ bins used in the analysis. The error bars are the sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties in quadrature. The dashed line represents the weighted average value, and the grey band indicates $\pm1\sigma$. The vertical red lines show the $\phi(1020)$, $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu}$ , and $\psi {(2S)}$ regions, which are vetoed.

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Values of $ {\cal A}_{\mathcal{C}_{P} }$ for $ { B ^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ decays in each of the the 17 $ q^2$ bins used in the analysis. The error bars are the sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties in quadrature. The dashed line represents the weighted average value, and the grey band indicates $\pm1\sigma$. The vertical red lines show the $\phi(1020)$, $ { J \mskip -3mu/\mskip -2mu\psi \mskip 2mu}$ , and $\psi {(2S)}$ regions, which are vetoed.

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Animated gif made out of all figures.

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Tables and captions

Summary of the sources of systematic uncertainty for the measurements of $ {\cal A}_{\mathcal{C}_{P} } ( {B \rightarrow K^{(*)} \mu^+ \mu^-} )$. The ranges shown in parentheses indicate the minimum and maximum values of the systematic uncertainties in different $ q^2$ bins, while the numbers outside the parentheses are the values averaged over $ q^2$ . These may be outside the ranges as the uncertainties are determined by methods affected by statistical fluctuations. There is no systematic uncertainty due to duplicate candidates in the $ { B ^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ decay.

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Values of $ {\cal A}_{\mathcal{C}_{P} }$ in $ { B ^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ decays in each of the 14 $ q^2$ bins used in the analysis. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.

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Values of $ {\cal A}_{\mathcal{C}_{P} }$ in $ { B ^+ \rightarrow K^{+} \mu^+ \mu^-}$ decays in each of the 17 $ q^2$ bins used in the analysis. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.

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Supplementary Material [file]

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Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 18 December 2018.