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First measurement of the differential branching fraction and $C\!P$ asymmetry of the $B^\pm\to\pi^\pm\mu^+\mu^-$ decay

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Abstract

The differential branching fraction with respect to the dimuon invariant mass squared, and the $C\!P$ asymmetry of the $B^\pm\to\pi^\pm\mu^+\mu^-$ decay are measured for the first time. The CKM matrix elements $|V_{td}|$ and $|V_{ts}|$, and the ratio $|V_{td}/V_{ts}|$ are determined. The analysis is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. The total branching fraction and $C\!P$ asymmetry of $B^\pm\to\pi^\pm\mu^+\mu^-$ decays are measured to be \begin{eqnarray} \mathcal{B}(B^\pm\to\pi^\pm\mu^+\mu^-) &=& (1.83 \pm 0.24 \pm 0.05) \times 10^{-8}\,\,\,\mathrm{and} \nonumber\\ \mathcal{A}_{C\!P}(B^\pm\to\pi^\pm\mu^+\mu^-) &=& -0.11 \pm 0.12 \pm 0.01\,, \nonumber \end{eqnarray} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These are the most precise measurements of these observables to date, and they are compatible with the predictions of the Standard Model.

Figures and captions

Feynman diagrams of the penguin and box loop contributions to the $ b \rightarrow d \ell^+ \ell^-$ process.

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feynman.pdf

The fit to the invariant mass distribution of (left) selected $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ candidates and (right) selected $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow K ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ candidates, with the total model and separate components as described in the legend.

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pimumu_fitresult0_col.pdf
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kmumu_fitresult0_col.pdf

The fit to the invariant mass distribution of (left) selected $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ candidates and (right) selected $ B ^- \rightarrow \pi ^- \mu ^+\mu ^- $ candidates, with the total model and separate components as described in the legend.

piplus[..].pdf [20 KiB]
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piplus_fit_32_bins_col.pdf
piminu[..].pdf [20 KiB]
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piminus_fit_32_bins_col.pdf

The differential branching fraction of $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ in bins of dilepton invariant mass squared, $ q^2$ , compared to SM predictions taken from Refs. [1] (APR13), [6] (HKR15) and from lattice QCD calculations [7] (FNAL/MILC15).

pimumu[..].pdf [20 KiB]
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pimumu_branching_fraction_col.pdf

The $ q^2$ spectrum of $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ candidates in the region 0.1 -- 1.0 $ {\mathrm{\,GeV^2\!/}c^4}$ in a $\pm 50$ $\mathrm{\,MeV}$ window around the nominal $ B ^+$ mass, showing a peaking structure at 0.6 $ {\mathrm{\,GeV^2\!/}c^4}$ that is in the region of the $\rho ^0$ and $\omega$ masses squared.

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rho.pdf

Animated gif made out of all figures.

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Tables and captions

The yields of $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ decays in bins of dilepton invariant mass squared, with statistical uncertainties.

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Table_1.pdf

The measured total yield from the simultaneous fit to the charge separated data, and the inferred yields of $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ and $ B ^- \rightarrow \pi ^- \mu ^+\mu ^- $ decays.

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Table_2.pdf

The results for the differential branching fraction for $ B ^+ \!\rightarrow \pi ^+ \mu ^+\mu ^- $ in bins of $ q^2$ . The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic.

Table_3.pdf [60 KiB]
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Table_3.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 09 December 2018.