cern.ch

Measurements of long-range near-side angular correlations in $\sqrt{s_{\text{NN}}}=5$TeV proton-lead collisions in the forward region

[to restricted-access page]

Abstract

Two-particle angular correlations are studied in proton-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s_{\text{NN}}}=5$TeV, collected with the LHCb detector at the LHC. The analysis is based on data recorded in two beam configurations, in which either the direction of the proton or that of the lead ion is analysed. The correlations are measured in the laboratory system as a function of relative pseudorapidity, $\Delta\eta$, and relative azimuthal angle, $\Delta\phi$, for events in different classes of event activity and for different bins of particle transverse momentum. In high-activity events a long-range correlation on the near side, $\Delta\phi \approx 0$, is observed in the pseudorapidity range $2.0<\eta<4.9$. This measurement of long-range correlations on the near side in proton-lead collisions extends previous observations into the forward region up to $\eta=4.9$. The correlation increases with growing event activity and is found to be more pronounced in the direction of the lead beam. However, the correlation in the direction of the lead and proton beams are found to be compatible when comparing events with similar absolute activity in the direction analysed.

Figures and captions

Hit-multiplicity distribution in the VELO for selected events of the minimum-bias samples in the (left) $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ and (right) $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ configurations. The activity classes are defined as fractions of the full distribution, as indicated by colours (shades). The $0-3\%$ class is a sub-sample of the $0-10\%$ class.

EventB[..].pdf [19 KiB]
HiDef png [228 KiB]
Thumbnail [78 KiB]
*.C file
EventBinning_VCl_pA.pdf
EventB[..].pdf [19 KiB]
HiDef png [237 KiB]
Thumbnail [79 KiB] *.C file
EventBinning_VCl_Ap.pdf

Two-particle correlation functions for events recorded in the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ configuration, showing the (left) low and (right) high event-activity classes. The analysed pairs of prompt charged particles are selected in a $p_{\mathrm{ T}}$ range of $1-2 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $. The near-side peak around $\Delta\eta=\Delta\phi=0$ is truncated in the histograms.

cor_pA[..].pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [981 KiB]
Thumbnail [166 KiB]
*.C file
cor_pA_pt1_low.pdf
cor_pA[..].pdf [51 KiB]
HiDef png [966 KiB]
Thumbnail [164 KiB] *.C file
cor_pA_pt1_high.pdf

Two-particle correlation functions for events recorded in the $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ configuration, showing the (left) low and (right) high event-activity classes. The analysed pairs of prompt charged particles are selected in a $p_{\mathrm{ T}}$ range of $1-2 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $. The near-side peak around $(\Delta\eta=\Delta\phi=0)$ is truncated in the histograms.

cor_Ap[..].pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [984 KiB]
Thumbnail [163 KiB]
*.C file
cor_Ap_pt1_low.pdf
cor_Ap[..].pdf [51 KiB]
HiDef png [981 KiB]
Thumbnail [173 KiB] *.C file
cor_Ap_pt1_high.pdf

Two-particle correlation functions for events recorded in the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ (left) and $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ (right) configurations, showing the $0-3\%$ event-activity class. The analysed pairs of prompt charged particles are selected in a $p_{\mathrm{ T}}$ range of $2-3 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $. The near-side peak around $(\Delta\eta=\Delta\phi=0)$ is truncated in each histogram.

cor_pA[..].pdf [48 KiB]
HiDef png [952 KiB]
Thumbnail [158 KiB]
*.C file
cor_pA_pt2_high.pdf
cor_Ap[..].pdf [49 KiB]
HiDef png [927 KiB]
Thumbnail [157 KiB] *.C file
cor_Ap_pt2_high.pdf

One-dimensional correlation yield as a function of $\Delta\phi$ obtained from the ZYAM-method by averaging over $2.0<\Delta\eta<2.9$. The subtracted yields are presented for $\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle N\!N}}=5\mathrm{\,TeV} $ proton-lead collisions recorded in $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ (full green circles) and $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ (open blue circles) configurations. The ZYAM constant is given in each panel. Event classes are compared for low to very-high activities from top to bottom, and different intervals of increasing $ p_{\mathrm{ T}} $ from left to right. Only statistical uncertainties are shown. Error bars are often smaller than the markers.

PaperP[..].pdf [73 KiB]
HiDef png [1 MiB]
Thumbnail [297 KiB]
*.C file
PaperProjections.pdf

One-dimensional correlation yield as a function of $\Delta\phi$ obtained from the ZYAM-method by averaging the two-dimensional distribution over $2.0<\Delta\eta<2.9$. The results for the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ and $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ samples are compared in five event classes which probe identical activities in the range $2.0<\eta<4.9$. The measured hit-multiplicities of the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ sample are scaled to agree with the hit-multiplicities of the $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ sample. The uncertainty band represents the systematic limitation of the scaling procedure. The error bars represent the statistical uncertainty.

subbin[..].pdf [40 KiB]
HiDef png [287 KiB]
Thumbnail [65 KiB]
*.C file
subbinProjection_scaledpA_pT1.pdf

Animated gif made out of all figures.

PAPER-2015-040.gif
Thumbnail
thumbnail_PAPER-2015-040.gif

Tables and captions

Relative event-activity classes defined by the VELO -hit multiplicity, $\mathcal N^{\mathrm{hit}}_{{\scriptscriptstyle \text{VELO }}}$ , of an event. The classes are defined as fractions of the $\mathcal N^{\mathrm{hit}}_{{\scriptscriptstyle \text{VELO }}}$ distribution for minimum-bias recorded events in the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ or $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ configuration. The $0-3\%$ class is a sub-sample of the $0-10\%$ class. For illustration purposes the average number, $\langle N_{ch} \rangle_{\text{MC}}$, of prompt charged particles with $ p >2 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $, $ p_{\mathrm{ T}} >0.15 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $ and $2.0<\eta<4.9$ is listed for events simulated with the Hijing event generator. Statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Table_1.pdf [55 KiB]
HiDef png [66 KiB]
Thumbnail [10 KiB]
tex code
Table_1.pdf

Common absolute activity bins for the $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ and $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ samples. The activity of $ p\!+\!\mathrm{Pb}$ events is scaled to match the same activity ranges of $\mathrm{Pb}\!+\!p$ events, as explained in the text. For illustration purposes the average number, $\langle N_{ch} \rangle_{\text{MC}}$, of prompt charged particles with $ p >2 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $, $ p_{\mathrm{ T}} >0.15 {\mathrm{\,GeV\!/}c} $ and $2.0<\eta<4.9$ is listed for events simulated with the Hijing event generator. The uncertainties are due to the scaling factor of $0.77 \pm 0.08$. Statistical uncertainties are negligible.

Table_2.pdf [54 KiB]
HiDef png [68 KiB]
Thumbnail [11 KiB]
tex code
Table_2.pdf

Created on 09 December 2018.Citation count from INSPIRE on 09 December 2018.